This article explores the legal status and effects of the Agenda 2030 within the EU legal order. It refers to different forms of international law (i.e. international treaty law, international customary law and international soft law) as a ‘connective tissue’ between the EU legal order and the Agenda 2030. It is found that, despite the EU’s commitment ‘to be a frontrunner in the implementation of the Agenda 2030’, its legal status in the EU law is undefined, and it does not enjoy direct effect. The article distinguishes a number of indirect effects the Agenda 2030 may have within the EU legal order, and calls for stronger scholarly attention to the effects of international soft instruments in the EU law, and the interplay between ‘hard’ and ‘soft’ instruments within the EU and international law.
Agenda 2030; Sustainable Development Goals; EU Law; Relationship between EU Law and International Law; International Treaty Law; International Customary Law; International Soft Law
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.Material published in the JCER is done so under a CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 licence, with copyright remaining with the author.
- Articles published online in the JCER cannot be published in another journal without explicit approval of the JCER editor.
- Authors can 'self-archive' their articles in digital form on their personal homepages, funder repositories or their institutions' archives provided that they link back to the original source on the JCER website. Authors can archive pre-print, post-print or the publisher's version of their work.
- Authors agree that submitted articles to the JCER will be submitted to various abstracting, indexing and archiving services as selected by the JCER.